What is CBD?
Why do you keep hearing about CBD, what is it? Never in the history of the health and wellness industry has a product seen such an astronomical rise within the collective zeitgeist as CBD oil have in the last 5 years or so. Here we look at the history, the science, how it works, famous users, and how it may help you.
Quick Read –
- History of CBD:
Discovered in 1940. From 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants, CBD is 40% of the plant’s extract. 1996 legal in the USA. 2018 Came to the UK.
- CBD The Science:
A non-psychoactive compound found in cannabis. CBD and marijuana are very different. CBD is derived from industrial hemp that’s most often used since it contains less than 0.3% THC.
- How Does CBD Work?
It impacts the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which includes receptors located throughout the body and brain. Activates 2 receptors, which are the CB1 and CB2. The receptors that are activated by CBD, using CBD hemp oil can change things like pain perception and inflammation.
- CBD vs THC:
Tetrahydrocannabinol. THC affects your body in many ways because when you use it, your brain is then triggered to release the chemical dopamine. THC gets you high. CBD doesn’t create euphoria or intoxication, CBD doesn’t get you stoned.
- How does CBD work?
CBD effects the compounds in our bodies called endogenous cannabinoids. The endocannabinoid system performs an absolutely vital role in regulating a broad range of physiological processes that affect our everyday experience.
- Famous CBD Users:
Nate Diaz, UFC champion, Eddie Hall, Strongman, George Kruis & Dominic Day, Rugby. Bubba Watson, Golfer.
The History of CBD
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a Phytocannabinoid which was discovered in the 1940s. It is one of 113 different cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. It accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. There are claims that CBD has many many helps benefits. Several enlightened countries have embraced this beautiful plant for many years. Still, in recent times the US has been leading the way with the boom. Use of marijuana products been to pass in law in 1996 in California.
CBD Oil in the Uk
In the UK, CBD really came to the forefront of the British consciousness in June 2018. Charlotte Caldwell had her son’s cannabis oil confiscated at Heathrow airport when she tried to bring it into the UK from Canada where it is legal. Billy, Charlottes son, suffers from a virulent form of epilepsy, having as many as 100 seizures a day.
Ms Caldwell accused the Home Office of “signing her son’s death warrant”. She opened an extensive debate about the legal status of cannabis in the UK. Since then, CBD oil in the UK has been rising steadily in general conversation and in the media. The eyes have been open to the possibilities of what this beautiful plant can do for peoples lives and help them manage against erroneous circumstances that life has dealt them. More so we have seen innovative and new developments, more scientific research meaning we have a better understanding of the overall benefits.
Every day we see more evidence of the overall compounds within the hemp plant and what they may be able to do for different parts of the body, mind and soul.
The Science Bit
CBD is a non-psychoactive composite found in the cannabis plant. It contains no THC or shallow levels of THC (less than .3%), CBD is absolutely no way whatsoever going to get you high or stoned. THC is the part of the plant that gets you stoned (standard-issue weed is roughly 18% THC) The THC levels are so low that it lacks the psychoactive properties.
CBD is often used in therapeutic and medical contexts. It comes from the hemp portion of the cannabis plant, the same family as marijuana. However, though they are both processed from the same component of the plant, CBD and marijuana are not the same. In the past marijuana, producers have bred their hemp plants to have a higher amount of THC because of the effects it produces on the user. Still, when people are farming hemp to get CBD oil, they don’t try to make it higher in THC. It’s better to actually reduce the amount of THC as much as is attainable. People generally wonder is CBD hemp oil actually marijuana? The answer is simply no. Both of these substances are obtained from the same type of plant, but they’re not the same, and they do not have the equivalent uses.
What is Hemp?
A huge part of understanding what CBD is and whether it is the same as marijuana is knowing what hemp is, and what the cannabis plant is. Terms like cannabis, hemp, and marijuana are used mutually, but this not always most accurate. Hemp is the term used to indicate to the cannabis plant and the fibrous parts of the plant. It is extracted from the stalk of the cannabis plant and is used to create rope, rope, and other useful materials. This amazing plant has been in use millennia & is one of the oldest domesticated crops.
There are several categories of the cannabis plant. Hemp is the non-psychoactive type of cannabis. Hemp & marijuana come from the same the class of cannabis, but the uses, their chemical elements & how they’re farmed are different from one another. Since hemp does not contain THC, it can’t produce the high associated with marijuana.
CBD oil is found in both marijuana & industrial hemp. It’s the CBD obtained from industrial hemp that’s most often used since it contains less than 1% THC.
How Does CBD Work?
So how does it work? Fundamentally, as with other compounds found in the hemp plant, when someone takes CBD, it impacts the endocannabinoid system, which includes receptors located throughout the body and brain. THC precisely activates 2 receptors, which are the CB1 & CB2 receptors. CBD does not stimulate these receptors, not directly. The cannabinoid receptors found inside our bodies regulate many different processes that we experience daily, including mood, appetite, memory and pain sensation. When activated, it can be by naturally-occurring endocannabinoids. It can also be activated by the plant cannabinoids found in hemp and cannabis.
The CB1 receptors are found principally in the central nervous system, also in smaller amounts throughout the body, including in the liver & lungs. The CB2 receptors are part of the human immune system, and they’re found in specific blood cells. The CB1 receptors are part of how the body and the central nervous system. It produces & also releases particular neurotransmitters. This is why they’re psychoactive effects of using specific types of cannabis. The CB1 receptors are also dealing with various processes within the liver. They can impact things such as appetite, pleasure, and pain. As we have touched upon, CB2 receptors interact with your immune system.
CB1 & CB2
However, while CB1 & CB2 receptors are activated using cannabis with THC contents, CBD is not the same. CBD stimulates receptors such as the adenosine and serotonin receptors. Because of the receptors that are activated by CBD, using CBD oil can change things like pain perception & inflammation. CBD activates the adenosine receptors, which may help with anxiety & mood because these receptors release your dopamine. In many cases, when people take higher concentrations of CBD, it may enable the 5-HTIA receptor, which is a serotonin receptor.
CBD vs THC
This is a ubiquitous question people have. CBD & THC: what is the difference? Firstly, we will cover what THC is, and then compare CBD vs THC, and look at CBD in the marijuana plant.
What is THC?
THC is the shorter name for “Tetrahydrocannabinol”. When a user has marijuana, the chemical THC is responsible for the “high” It produces the psychological effects of psychoactive of the substance. THC replicates the impact of your body’s naturally produced cannabinoid elements. We all have cannabinoid receptors throughout our central nervous system that influence things like coordination, thinking, and memory. When marijuana is used, the THC found in this substance attaches to our receptors. Thus the changes in things like sensory perception may occur when a person is stoned or high.
THC is only one of the many compounds that are obtained from the marijuana plant, & more specifically, it is found in the resin secreted by the flower. Cannabinoids are just a different compound found in these plants, both hemp & marijuana. THC affects your body in many ways because when you use it, your brain is then triggered to release the chemical dopamine. Therefore, you may experience a little euphoria. THC also changes how information is concocted in your mind, particularly in your hippocampus. This may create changes in your thinking, and there’s also the potential for someone to experience hallucinations. When someone administers THC, it usually starts to affect them in anywhere from 15 to 30 minutes, and these effects can last for up to 2 hours.
What Are the Effects of CBD?
So, what are the effects of CBD & the benefits? Are there potential risks of using it? What are the possible therapeutic effects?
There are over 80 active cannabinoid chemicals in the marijuana plant, and CBD is only one of those. However, when you take CBD, it doesn’t create euphoria or intoxication. This is due to CBD doesn’t interact with the CB1 or CB2 receptors in the brain and body. There is still the need for more in-depth clinical studies. We need more evidence concerning the effects of CBD & CBD benefits for specific infirmities. Preclinical research has shown there may be many powerful effects of this excellent substance.
Are There Side Effects?
While it seems like CBD oil has excellent promise in treating a variety of severe conditions, people wonder whether there are any side-effects. Some of the potential side effects that may occur in a few users can include slowed thoughts or movements, dry mouth, light-headedness, & sedation. At a higher dose, using CBD doesn’t seem to be associated with toxicity. There may also be a tiny percentage of people who notice effects on their mood. Many find a positive impact on their thoughts & state of mind when using CBD oil, like what they would experience with other psychoactive forms of cannabis, but without the high.
How does CBD interact with your body?
CBD & THC interact with your body in a variety of different ways. The first idea is they impact us is by mimicking and augmenting the effects of the compounds in our bodies called “endogenous cannabinoids”. It’s named because of their similarity to the compounds found in the cannabis plant. These “endocannabinoids” are part of our regulatory system. This is called the endocannabinoid system (ECS).
The endocannabinoid system plays an absolutely crucial role in your body. It regulates a broad range of physiological processes that affect our everyday experience.
The endocannabinoid system affects;
- Energy level
- Our intestinal fortitude
- Immune activity
- Blood pressure
- Bone density
- Our glucose metabolism
- how we experience pain, stress, hunger, and more.
What happens if the ECS does not function properly? Are there consequences of a deficient or overactive ECS?
In a word, its disease.
Modern science has shown that the endocannabinoid system is systematic in nearly all conditions. So, it stands to reason that modulating endocannabinoid system activity may have therapeutic potential in almost all diseases affecting humans,”. Pal Pacher and George Kunos, scientists with the US National Institutes of Health (NIH), suggested in a 2014 publication.
Famous CBD Users
CBD Oils are being used in a multitude of ways by many different individuals in all walks of life. From day to day use, and managing life’s challenges, as part of an overall healthy lifestyle or to help in their turn of life, CBD has been seen to help many. Many sports stars and athlete are also using as part of their routine.
Nate Diaz, UFC MMA champion
Nate Diaz is former wold champ UFC fighter and probably best known here in the Uk for his fights against Connor McGregor. He is a big advocate for the use of hemp oil drops due to its positive impact on the human body.
As an enthusiastic user of CBD, he supports its use as it helps with the healing process & inflammation. Backed by scientific studies & a multitude of anecdotal testimonies, hemp oil helps regulate the immune system’s responses. This is because it interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors in the human body.
Eddie Hall, Strongman
Eddie Hall, the former professional strongman, noted for winning the World’s Strongest Man 2017 & the only competitor to deadlift 500kg. He is a long-time fan and consumer of CBD oils.
George Kruis & Dominic Day, Rugby
George Kruis and Saracens team-mate Dominic Day take cannabis oils, capsules and balms which they say help “put our bodies back together”. “I was probably taking prescription anti-inflammatories and painkillers four or five times a week just to get to the weekend to play. It wasn’t where I wanted to be at all. I just don’t take that stuff now, I stick with the CBD oil.” Day states.
Bubba Watson, Professional Golfer
Watson is of the high-profile PGA players to endorse & now invest in cannabidiol company. Scott McCarron, earlier this year, signed an endorsement deal with a hemp manufacturing company. “I’ve personally felt the benefits of cbdMD’s products,” Bubba Watson said in a statement
Man golfers have been secretly flirting with it over the past couple of years. Tiger Woods & Phil Mickelson were heavily suggested to be consuming CBD-infused gum at recent tournaments this year, including the Masters which Woods won.
If you have any questions please do not hesitate to contact us we are readily available and always happy to help.
Let’s Be The Best We Can Be
Disclaimer: This content is for your informational & educational purposes only. It is not to provide any medical advice. It is not to take the place of medical advice or any treatment from a personal GP. Consult your local GP or qualified health professionals for specific health questions.